Socialism

Socialist writers

Oscar Wilde,

Several of the 18th Century Utopian writers were socialist, including Edward Bellamy, who’s Looking Backward 2000-1887 (1887) and Equality (1897) inspired the Nationalist movement and were even acclaimed, despite criticisms of their positive portrayal of a centralised State, by the anarchist Peter Kropotkin; and William Morris, who’s News from Nowhere (1890) was a pastoral response to Bellamy’s novels.

Several founders of science fiction were socialists, including George Griffith, M. P. Shiel and, most influentially, H. G. Wells.

While Griffith and Wells had conceived of future Utopias springing from the ruins of future warsJack London and George Orwell created memorable dystopias.

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