“We can express our feelings regarding the world around us either by poetic or by descriptive means. I prefer to express myself metaphorically. Let me stress: metaphorically, not symbolically. A symbol contains within itself a definite meaning, certain intellectual formula, while metaphor is an image. An image possessing the same distinguishing features as the world it represents. An image — as opposed to a symbol — is indefinite in meaning. One cannot speak of the infinite world by applying tools that are definite and finite. We can analyse the formula that constitutes a symbol, while metaphor is a being-within-itself, it’s a monomial. It falls apart at any attempt of touching it. ”
– Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky (1932-1986) was a Russian film maker who directed just seven films: Ivan’s Childhood (1962), Andrei Rublev (1966), Solaris (1972), Mirror (1975), Stalker (1979), Nostalghia (1983) and The Sacrifice (1986).
- Johnson, Vida T. & Graham Petrie, Andrei Tarkovsky: A Visual Fugue (1994)
- Lem, Stanislaw, Solaris (1961)
- Strugatsky, Boris & Arkady, Roadside Picnic (1971)