Mars has been a site for Planetary Romances for centuries.
Schiaparelli, Lowell & the Canals of Mars
During Mars’s “Great Opposition” of 1877, the Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli (1835 – 1910) observed a dense network of linear structures on the surface of Mars which he called “canali”, meaning “channels”. This term was mistranslated into English as “canals.”
Rather than true channels in a form familiar to us, we must imagine depressions in the soil that are not very deep, extended in a straight direction for thousands of miles, over a width of 100, 200 kilometers and maybe more. I have already pointed out that, in the absence of rain on Mars, these channels are probably the main mechanism by which the water (and with it organic life) can spread on the dry surface of the planet.
— Giovanni Schiaparelli, La vita sul pianeta Marte (Life on Mars, 1893)
Percy Greg’s Across the Zodiac: The Story of a Wrecked Record (1880)
Mars – the Red Planet!
Alexander Bogdanov’s Red Star (1908) and Engineer Menni (1913).
Ray Bradbury and Philip K Dick used a nostalgic Mars as a backdrop to some of their most famous stories.
The Return to Mythic Mars
A postmodern version of Barsoom appears in Alan Moore and Kevin O’Neill‘s Steampunk comic The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (1999), and in Jean-Marc Lofficier‘s novel Edgar Allan Poe on Mars: The Further Memoirs of Gullivar Jones (2007).
Mars in the Cinema
Kim Stanley Robinson‘s Mars Trilogy
- Arnold, Edwin Lester (1905) Lieutenant Gullivar Jones: His Vacation
- Bogdanov, Alexander (1908) Red Star
- —— (1913) Engineer Menni
- Burrough, Edgar Rice () A Princess of Mars
- Greg, Percy (1880) Across the Zodiac: The Story of a Wrecked Record
- Kim Stanley (1993) Red Mars
- —— (1994) Green Mars
- —— (1996) Blue Mars
- —— (1999) The Martians
- Lofficier, Jean-Marc (2007) Edgar Allan Poe on Mars: The Further Memoirs of Gullivar Jones
- Lupoff, Richard A. (1965) Edgar Rice Burroughs: Master of Adventure
- Moore, Alan & Kevin O’Neill (1999) The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
- Wells, H. G. () The War of the Worlds